You are here

Avoyelles Parish Colonial Records (digitized)

Collection 129A

Avoyelles Parish. Colonial Records, 1786-1807, 1873-1940, 1956, 1973, n.d.

1 CD (59 folders)

This collection contains digitized copies of Avoyelles Parish colonial documents. These documents include sales of land, slaves, and products, mortgages, declaration of homesteads, and judgements. Also included is an Oil and Gas Map of Louisiana. These documents are in French and English. The physical copies of these documents can be found at the Louisiana State Archives.

Donated by Sheldon Roy.

Series:

A. 1786-1807 1-01 through 1-32
B. 1873-1893 1-33 through 1-45
C. 1911-1938 1-46 through 1-53
D. After 1938 and no dates 1-54 through 1-58
E. Extras 1-59

Inventory:

A.1786-1807
1-01 Debt (Name unclear) Tivubaz? Tillubaz?, 12 July 1786
1-02 Documents dated from years 1792-1797. Decree by Grand Pré mentioned twice. Major names mentioned: Carondelet, Maron Eliche, François Mayeux, FrançoisTournois, Juan Hebrad, Michel Pampelon, Etienne de la Morandiere, CharlesDeBlanc, 1792-1797
1-03 Receipt of payment by Gabrielle Griffing (Griffine), No. 36, 9 October 1792
1-04 Debt owed to Beijnaud by François dos Sanctos, 3 November 1792
1-05 Request of Baptiste testimony against the Negro Jean ____ of Poydras, No. 53, 15 January 1793
1-06 Testimony done by Simon Lavallé, No. 54, 1 April 1793
1-07 Interrogation of Gabriel Roufatte by Juan Sango, No. 44, 1 May 1793
1-08 Request by Noël Soileau against Jacques Gaigneau, No. 42, 8 June 1793
1-09 Request from Pierre Laborde against Soileau and Response from Louis Grisey, No. 52, 3 September 1793
1-10 Power of attorney to Joseph Piamas over Charles Saly, No. 40, 1793
1-11 Investigation into debts owed by Michel Pampalon to Jean Marotte, No. 54, 1793
1-12 Contest of presentation and declaration of Sr. Jean Villard, No. 44, 16 June 1794
1-13 Sale of slave from Paul Nomile Soileau to Jean Lafleure, No. 45, 30 August 1794
1-14 Sale of land from Widow Jean Paul de Cuis to Etienne Ft Romain, No. 37, 27 September 1794
1-15 Receipt of Monsieur de la Morandiere from Jean Magnulty concerning Indigo, 1794
Sale of land from John McLaughlan to M. Poles, 1793
Testimony of Baptiste Bazine of sale of land between Mr. Hebrard and Augustin Latouleffe, 1800
Request from Jean Villard against Jean Hebrard, No. 42, 1794
Sale of land from Amable Cosiont to Laurent Normand, No. 19, 1802
Sale of land from Amable Cosiont to Pierre Cosiont, No. 20, 1802
Correspondence from Jean Villard to Monsieur de la Morandiere, 1794
1-16 Document sent from the Superieur Tribunal against Charles Depaun, No. 22, 9 April 1794
1-17 Sale of Negro by Jean Raynard to Daniel Gaspard, No. 38, 1794
1-18 Proof of payment by Laborde, 1793
Response from Carondelet, 1795
Request from Baptiste Duplaichain to Carondelet, 1795
1-19 Correspondence to civil commander M. Deblanc of Natchitoches from Estevan deLamorandier, 14 July 1795
1-20 Copy of two acts created in response to the letters of the inhabitants, No. 37, 28 July 1795
1-21 Case Against Pierre LaBorde, No. 4, 10 October 1795
1-22 Receipt for money from Jean Villard to Mme. Garvillies, 1795
1-23 Sale of land by Jacques Deshotels to Mr. L'Eglises, No. 8, 1798
Surrender of Nicolas Chatelon in favor to Noël Soileau (in Spanish), No. 8, 23 November 1796
1-24 Roster of men who bought slaves and the number they bought, No. 36, 1796
Sale of house from William Patrice to Jean Roftes, No. 36, 1799
1-25 Receipt of Nicolas Chatelin's payment towards Guillame Gautiet, No. 23, 1799
Judicial sale of gun powder, No. 23, 1798
Appraisal of construction money owed by François Marcote to Mr. Panpalons, No. 23, 1792
Sale of ____ by Noël Soileau to Coronel Carlos de Grand Pré, No. 23, 1796
Sale of Negro by George Walton to Nicolas Lamattre, No. 24, 1796
1-26 Donations from Pierre Gaspar to André Dupuis, No. 28, 1798
Request from Pierre Leglise to Josephe Joffrion and Baptiste Avoyelle, No. 28, 1799
Information of Gaignard to Marquise Joffrion, No. 28, 1796
1-27 Sale of horse from François Bernard to François Tourssiet, No. 40, 25 November 1799
Request from François Tourssiet to Jean Baptiste Mayeux, Joseph Joffrion?, No. 40, 13 May 1800
1-28 Request from Thomas West to alcade of Avoyelles (WOSSE), No. 42, 18 November 1800
1-29 Marriage contract of Atances Armand and Celeste Gotier, No. 41, 27 December 1800
1-30 The nomination of guardianship of Sr. Jean Baptiste Mayeux over grandson Jean ____Mayeux, No. 39, 10 May 1803
1-31 Power of attorney of Judicque Millent, No. 38, 16 October 1803
1-32 Sale of land from Augustein Juno to Joseph Guénard, No. 19, 1803
Sale of land from Mr. Ant. Goudeau to Louis Goudeau, No. 19, 1807
B. 1873-1893
1-33 Thomas Williams vs. C. Guillebert [privilege], No. 479, 2 April 1873
Marie Decuir vs. Evaniste Rubalais (Oct 19 1872) [judgment], No. 479, 2 April 1873
Estate of John Travassas certificate of inventory, No. 479, 2 April 1873
Valerien Dauzah to A.J. Ducoté [privilege of the crop], No. 479, 3 April 1873
Marie Pierro and Hustano to R. Ducoté (Feb 22 1873) [privilege of the crop], No. 479, 3 April 1873
Richard Campbell to A.J. Ducoté (Feb 22 1873) [privilege of the crop], No. 479, 3 April 1873
P.E. Lemoine to A.J. Ducoté [privilege of the crop], No. 479, 3 April 1873
William James to A.J. Ducoté (February 13, 1873) [privilege on the crop], No. 479, 3 April 1873
Edmond Fassin – Act of sale stamped with fifty cent Internal Revenue Stamp, No. 479, 8 June 1872
Edmond Bordelon to L.J. Normand (January 23rd 1873) [Certificate of base], No. 479, 4 April 1873
1-34 Heidelaborde Declaration of Homestead (Folio 735), No. 2040, 10 April 1883
Arthur Borax to William H. Jackson (Folio 737), No. 2040, 11 April 1883
Alexis Bonnette vs. Lambert Jackson (Folio 736), No. 2040, 11 April 1883
Succession of Léocadie Laurent (Folio 742), No. 2040, 12 April 1883
Florian Decuir and Mrs. Alice Decuir to Marcelina Decuir admin (Folio 741), No. 2040, 12 April 1883
S. Ducoté vs. Cyrus Griffin (Folio 743), No. 2040, 14 April 1883
Mrs. William M. Emell to D.B. Hendson (Folio 745), No. 2040, 16 April 1883
Cyrus Griffin to Payne Kennedy and Co. (Folio 744), No. 2040, 16 April 1883
George Neck Jr. and Simon Dorine (Folio 752), No. 2040, 23 April 1883
Martin Rabalais to John D. Staples (Folio 753), No. 2040, 24 April 1883
1-35 Oliver Johnson to Oscar V. Moreau [Mortgage] (Book 31, Folio 16), No. 2035, 7 May 1883
Approval of loan and mortgage of Joyce Bentley, No. 2035, 8 May 1883
Letter sent to Geo. S. Mayer from Lechman Abraham, No. 2035, 7 May 1883
Mrs. Joyce J. Callihan to Lechman Abraham [Mortgage] (Folio 29), No. 2035, 8 May 1883
1-36 Mortgage James Griffin to Edward Challe and Co. (Book 31, Folio 25), No. 2034, 8 May 1883
Mortgage of Walter Woods to G.W. Sentellet and Co. (Book 31, Folio 44), No. 2034, 18 May 1883
Judgement of Fereol Regard vs. Jacques Augustin (Book 31, Folio 47), No. 2034, 25 March 1876
Succession of Colomb Bordelon (Book 31, Folio 58), No. 2034, 17 May 1883
Judgement of J.M. Edwards from Fielding Edwards (Book 31, Folio 58), No. 2034, 17 May 1883
Contract of privilege for Jesse Fammehill to John L. Gerieves(?) (Book 31, Folio 61), No. 2034, 18 May 1883
Declaration of homestead for J.B. Bellevue (Book 31, Folio 64), No. 2034, 24 May 1883
Mortgage for L.M. Ducoté and Avit Lemoine to Kingsland Ferguson (Book 31, Folio 65), No. 2034, 24 May 1883
Succession of Sydonia Juneau (Book 31, Folio 86), No. 2034, 20 May 1883
Receipt for L.V. Gremillion from Deputy vs. Marshall, No. 2034, 24 May 1883
1-37 Victor Bize and ALS Committee and Ludgar Barbin (Book 31, Folio 78), No. 2033, 28 May 1883
André Augustin and Marceline Augustin wife contract (Book 31, Folio 77), No. 2033, 28 May 1883
Samuel Strong to Francis M. Pavey Mortgage (Book 31, Folio 79), No. 2033, 30 May 1883
Plummer Wade to Francis M. Pavey Mortgage (Book 31, Folio 81), No. 2033, 30 May 1883
Aminthe(?) Ducoté vs. Avit Lemoin (Book 31, Folio 83) (March 12 1883), No. 2033, 4 June 1883
Succession of Marie Elise Roy (Book 31, Folio 85), No. 2033, 5 June 1883
Abe Meyer vs. Jospeh Leappel (Book 31, Folio 86) (30 April 1883), No. 2033, 7 June 1883
A.A. Mouton vs. Joseph F. Frimmi(?) (Book 31, Folio 93) (September 30 1882), No. 2033, 12 June 1883
F. Regard admin - use of vs. William Parker (Book 31, Folio 93), No. 2033, 11 June 1883
J.B. and W.B. Marshall to L.A. Phillipi and Co. Mortgage (Book 31, Folio 91), No. 2033, 11 June 1883
1-38 Queysouge H. Bois vs. Samuel L. Leappel (Folio 131) (June 8th 1883) [judgment], No. 898, 18 June 1883
J.P. Sarragain vs F.M. Gremillion (Folio 132) (May 9 1883) [judgment], No. 898, 18 June 1883
Nalle and Cammrack vs Augustin B. Lemoillon (Folio 133) (May 9th 1883) [judgment], No. 898, 18 June 1883
Edeo Nalle and Co. vs. P.P. Lemoine (Folio 133) (May 14th 1883) [judgment], No. 898, 18 June 1883
William H. Letchford vs Barthelenny Guyral (Folio 134) (June 6th 1883) [judgment], No. 898, 18 June 1883
Cheri E. Sarrazin vs Barthelenny Guyral (Folio 134) (June 6th 1883) [judgment], No. 898, 18 June 1883
Adrien Delpit vs. Barthelenny Guyral (Folio 136) (June 6 1883) [judgment], No. 898, 18 June 1883
Pascalis D Roy vs. Martin Rabalais (Folio 137) (June 9th 1883) [judgment], No. 898, 18 June 1883
Joseph Mayeux and Paul Pearce Contract, No. 898, 19 June 1883
Adolph vs. Saucier to Mayor of Marksville (Folio 140) (June 20 1883) [bond], No. 898, 21 June 1883
1-39 George L. Mayer vs. Joseph Jean Baptiste (Book 31, Folio 125) (May 19, 1883), No. 899, 18 June 1883
George L. Mayer vs. Gustave Laurent (Book 31, Folio 125) (May 19 1883), No. 899, 18 June 1883
Gerhart Becker vs. Joseph Leappel (Book 31, Folio 126) (May 22 1883), No. 899, 18 June 1883
George L. Mayer vs. Narcisse Jarro (Book 31, Folio 126) (May 19 1883), No. 899, 18 June 1883
Moses Levy vs. Louis Peigné (Book 31, Folio 127) (May 23 1883), No. 899, 18 June 1883
L.W. Newton vs. E.G. and J.M. Brovillette (Book 31, Folio 128) (Feb 14 1883), No. 899, 18 June 1883
König Dwyer + Co. vs. Eugene G Brovillette Judgement (Book 31, Folio 128), No. 899, 18 June 1883
J.R. Finlay and Co. vs. Reiné Bordelon (Book 31, Folio 129) (June 6, 1883), No. 899, 18 June 1883
Josephine Generes vs. Fielding Edwards (Book 31, Folio 130) (January 1 1883), No. 899, 18 June 1883
Fransisco Martinzez vs. Eugene G Brouillette (Book 31, Folio 131) (May 22 1883), No. 899, 18 June 1883
1-40 George L. Mayer vs. Fulgence Z Lemoine (Book 31, Folio 119) (June 9 1883), No. 900, 18 June 1883
George L. Mayer and Bro vs. Hector Caster (Book 31, Folio 120) (May 23 1883), No. 900, 18 June 1883
William Ressienth vs. Ressi Bordelon (Book 31, Folio 121) (June 6 1883), No. 900, 18 June 1883
Louisiana National Bank vs. Alfred S. Base (Book 31, Folio 122) (June 6 1883), No. 900, 18 June 1883
George L. Mayer vs. Joseph F. Firmin (Book 31, Folio 122) (June 9 1883), No. 900, 18 June 1883
Pierre G. Gibert vs. Jules Fleoco (Book 31, Folio 122) (May 30, 1883), No. 900, 18 June 1883
William H. Letchford vs. Charles F. Husman (Book 31, Folio 124) (May 9 1883), No. 900, 18 June 1883
George L. Mayer and Bro vs. Adolph Repouché (Book 31, Folio 124) (May 19, 1883), No. 900, 18 June 1883
George L. Mayer vs. Hishman Johnson (Book 31, Folio 124) (May 22 1883), No. 900, 18 June 1883
1-41 Bond of Pierre Louis Escudé, 3 September 1883
David M. Furlon to Samuel Douglas McEnery, Governor of Louisiana [bond] (Folio 172), 20 July 1883
Merile Lacour to Governor of Louisiana [bond] (Folio 105), 18 January 1882
Adolphe D. Leoco to Governor of Louisiana [bond] (Folio 107), 23 January 1882
Modelise Rabalais to Governor of Louisiana [bond] (Folio 108), 13 January 1882
Emeric De Neux to Governor of Louisiana [bond] (Folio 110), 23 January 1882
Clifton Cannon to Mayor of Marksville [bond] (Folio 666), 7 March 1882
1-42 Declaration of homestead François Sylvain Jr. (Folio 67), No. 896, 1883
Samuel D. Saucier to Henry and Aaron Kahn [mortgage] (Book 31, Folio 163), No. 896, 16 July 1883
Cléophas Dauzah to Félien Dauzah [aquittance and discharge] (Book 31, Folio 170), No. 896, 16 July 1883
A.A. Mouton vs. Pierre Vide [judgment] (Book 31, Folio 166), No. 896, 16 July 1883
State of Louisiana vs. Aurelien George [judgment] (Book 31, Folio 171), No. 896, 18 July 1883
Jesse Williams [privilege] (Book 31, Folio 173), No. 896, 26 July 1883
Declaration of homestead Louis Shelby Gauthier (Folio 200), No. 896, 1883
J.A. Morrow from H.W. Decuir [receipt] (Book 31, Folio 174), No. 896, 26 July 1883
Jacques Augustin and Ursin Augustin [contract] (Book 31, Folio 185), No. 896, 3 August 1883
Anne Manning(?) vs. Dominque Bernard [judgement] (Book 31, Folio 190), No. 896, 7 August 1883
1-43 Succession of Frank Thomas (Book 31, Folio 144), No. 897, 1883
Succession of Frank Thomas (Book 31, Folio 147), No. 897, 1883
Judgment of George L. Mayer and Alf. J. Mayer vs. Pierre Leamouche (Book 31, Folio 148), No. 897, 1883
Judgment of George L. Mayer and Alf. J. Mayer vs. Julien Guillory (Book 31, Folio 147), No. 897, 1883
Declaration of homestead Joseph Augustin (Book 31, Folio 148), No. 897, 1883
Declaration of homestead Jean Domas (Book 31, Folio 157), No. 897, 1883
Lease of land Matthew V. Singleton to Samuel Haas (Book 31, Folio 155), No. 897, 1883
Mortgage Oliver Mock to Gustave Genin (Book 31, Folio 160), No. 897, 1883
Declaration of homestead George W. Sherman (Book 31, Folio 162), No. 897, 1883
Declaration of homestead Philogene Levigne (Book 31, Folio 162), No. 897, 1883
1-44 George L. Mayer vs. John Baptiste Sylvain Copy of Judgement, No. 137, 1883
Sale of share in inheritance between A.M. Haas and M.D. Haas, No. 137, 1894
1-45 George L. Mayer vs. Philogime Lavierge, No. 139, 20 November 1893
C. 1911-1938
1-46 Mansura Mercantile vs. Henrietta Thompson – citations, 1911
Judgement by J.A. Menard in mortgage dispute against Rusk Marcotte, 1902
Judgement by J.A. Menard in mortgage dispute against Wilfried Marcotte, 1902
Judgement by J.A. Menard in mortgage dispute against Howard Marcotte, 1902
Judgement by J.A. Menard in mortgage dispute against Florence Marcotte, 1902
Sale of land from Antoine Grandpiere to Ludovice J. Normand, 1894
Rescission of sale of land from Mrs. Rebecca Normand to Antoine Grandpiere, 1896
1-47 Louisiana Highway Commission to The Public [acceptance letter 96258], 1923
Mortgage: Book 1, Folio 287 Nathaniel Carruth to Charles Nettles (10 Feb 1923), 1923
Sale of cars: Ford to A. Guillot from Winkler Motor Co. (pg 287) 437, 1923
Sale of cars: Ford to Lester Smith from Winkler Motor Co. (pg 287) 438, 1923
Sale of cars: Ford to J.E. Zoder from Winkler Motor Co. (pg 288) 439, 1923
Mortgages: Book 1, pg 288 - Dewey Bordelon to Sam Piazza, 1923
Mortgages: Book 96, pg 252 - First Mortgage for Steven Aymond to J.W. Joffrion, 1923
Mortgages: Book 96, pg 256 - Second mortgage for Steven Aymond to J.W. Joffrion, 1923
Mortgages: Book 96, pg 250 - Clovis Desoto to H.V. Bordelon, 1923
1-48 Mortgage from Forest L. Normand to the Federal Land Bank of New Orleans (Book 2, Page 51), 1923
1-49 Abstract of Title of Lands of Emile L. Gautier, No. 99183, 30 June 1924
Abstract of Title of Lands of Louis Maxime Couvillon, No. 99183, n.d.
Succession of Bartholemy Albertingo, Deceased, No. 99183, 1895
Jean Fontane and Mrs. Marie Anaise Borde, Individually and as Natural Tutrix, No. 99183, 1895
Succession of Bartholemy Albertingo, Deceased - Petition for Homologate Partition of Land Between Heirs and Jean Fontane, No. 99183, 24 September 1895
Conveyance Research to Thomas A. Lemoine, No. 99183, 1900, 1904
Succession of Bartholemy Albertingo and Wife, Both Deceased, No. 99183, 1907
Conveyance Research to Thomas A. Lemoine and Emile Leon Gauthier, No. 99183, 1907, 1885, 1921
Bankruptcy Sale - J.M. Barham, Trustee (Estate of T.A. Lemoine #3272 in Bankruptcy) to Cottonport Bank, and Farmers Bank, Cottonport, Louisiana, No. 99183, 1928
Conveyance Research to Cottonport Bank and Farmers Bank, Partition of Property, No. 99183, 15 May 1928
Resolutions Adopted by the Board of Directors of the Farmers Bank by Mr. A.J. Gauthier, No. 99183, 7 May 1928
Resolutions Adopted by the Board of Directors of the Cottonport Bank by Mr. U.J.Marcotte, No. 99183, 2 May 1928
Powers of Attorney, No. 99183, 1928
Emancipation of Roberta Lemoine, No. 7498, No. 99183, 31 March 1928
Succession of Louise Coco, Deceased, Wife of T.A. Lemoine, No. 99183, 1931
Conveyance Research to Hornot H. Coco, No. 99183, 3 July 1929
Outline of Proceedings - Cottonport Bank vs. No. 8217 Hornot H. Coco, No. 99183, 1930
J. Ben Gremillion, Sheriff of the Parish of Avoyelles, Louisiana to Cottonport Bank, Cottonport, Louisiana, No. 99183, 7 February 1931
Conveyance Research - Cottonport Bank and L. Maxime Couvillon, No. 99183, 10 March 1931
Conveyance Research - J.J. Jeansonne to Cottonport Bank, No. 99183, 22 December 1933
Cottonport Bank to L. Maxime Couvillon - Redemption from Tax Sale, No. 99183, 13 August, 1934
Conveyance Research - Federal Land Bank of New Orleans, by J.W. Hickman to L.M. Couvillon, No. 99183, 12 April 1935
Federal Land Bank of New Orleans to L.M. Couvillon, No. 99183, 4 April 1935
Mortgage Research - L. Maxime Couvillon, and his wife, Celise Gauthier to Cottonport Bank, Cottonport, LA, No. 99183, 13 August 1934
Mortgage Research - L. Maxime Couvillon to the Federal Land Bank of New Orleans, No. 99183, 12 April 1935
Conveyance Research - L. Maxime Couvillon to Gulf Refning Company of Louisiana, No. 99183, 29 October 1935
Mortgage Research - Louis Maxime Couvillon to the Union Bank, Marksville, LA, No. 99183, 29 July 1940
Tax Research - L. Maxime Couvillon, No. 99183, 1939
Certificates to Louis Maxime Couvillon, No. 99183, 20 September 1940
1-50 Act of Mortgage by Eddie J. Chatelain to the Prudential Insurance Company of America (First Mortgage), 22 March 1930
Act of Mortgage by Eddie J. Chatelain to Investors Mortgage Company (Second Mortgage), 22 March 1930
1-51 Mortgage from Charles Huesman to the Federal Land Bank of New Orleans, No. 23, 14 January 1935
Mortage by Frank Gordon and Elma Brulte to Home Owners' Loan Corporation, No. 23, 15 January 1935
Mortgage by Mrs. Evariste J. Joffrion to Mrs. Viola Joffrion, No. 23, 15 January 1935
1-52 Mortgage: Mrs. Cornalie Lacour to Joseph L. Escude (Book 129, page 427), 15 December 1937
Mortgage: Modelis O. Guillot to future holders (Book 129, pg 429), 15 December 1937
Letter to James J. Villemarette, clerk of court from F.E. Moreau concerning Mr. C.P. Voisel, 15 December 1937
Court Judgement: J.M. Brouillette vs. Harry Goudeau, 29 November 1929
1-53 Lith George to Numa Dupuy[Chattel Mortgage], Nos. 16920-16929, 9 December 1938
S.S. Pearce Syrup Company, Inc/Alexandria Production Credit Association [Chattel Mortgage], Nos. 16920-16929, 9 December 1938
Sale of car to Bunkie Coca Cola Bottling Co. from Lewis Roy Motors, Nos. 16920-16929, 7 December 1938
Sale of car to J.P. Coco from Lewis Roy Motors, Nos. 16920-16929, 8 December 1938
Sale of car to George R. Lemoine from Lewis Roy Motors, Nos. 16920-16929, 9 December 1938
Sale of car to B.W. Nichols from Lewis Roy Motors, Nos. 16920-16929, 9 December 1938
Hilda Goudeau/Alexandria Production Credit Association [crop pledge and Chattel Mortgage], Nos. 16920-16929, 10 December 1938
Sale of car to Gordy Guillot from Lewis Roy Motors, Nos. 16920-16929, 12 December 1938
J. Reginald Coco/Alexandria Production Credit Association (crop pledge and Chattel Mortgage), Nos. 16920-16929, 13 December 1938
Mica Dupuy/Alexandria Production Credit Association [crop pledge Chattel Mortgage], Nos. 16920-16929, 13 December 1938
D. After 1938 and no dates
1-54 Oil and Gas Map of Louisiana, February 1956
1-55 Marksville map, n.d.
Newspaper clipping Marksville zoning, 18 October 1973
1-56 Letter from J. Gaignard to unknown, n.d.
1-57 Piece of paper containing signatures of the following: Bordelon, Joseph Joffrion, JosephJoffrion (son), Armant, Cellest Golion, n.d.
1-58 Paper with the following inscription: "Tickets are different. Particular" (in French), n.d.
E. Extras
1-59 Extras, n.d.