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Glossary of Library Terms
 
abstract - a summary of an article.  Also a periodical index that includes abstracts (summaries) of the articles indexed; the subject index will refer the user to a numbered reference within the abstracts volume.  Example: Academic Abstracts database,  American Statistics Index (ASI), America: History and Life.
 
bibliography - a list of works on a particular topic.  Also refers to the ‘works cited’ references used in research, appearing at the end of a paper or article.
 
blog - an online journal usually on a specific topic
 
call number - the series of alphabetic letters and arabic numerals assigned to each document (book, journal, CD, etc) for subject classification within the library.  Example: PS3557 .A24N5;   LaRm F378 .A24
 
catalog - may refer to a card catalog or an online catalog in which library records are stored for public access.  The catalog may consist of specific indexes, such as the author, title, or subject index.  Example: LIBIS (the University’s online catalog)
 
CD-ROM (compact disk-read only memory) - consists of a disk of stored electronic data; although CD-ROM is a read-only technology, its large storage capacity and low price make it an effective way to provide large-capacity database reference material.  Example: Britannica 97 (encyclopedia set)
 
citation - the complete reference to a book or journal, or any document.  Full bibliographic information is provided; for a book that includes author, title, place of publication, publisher, and year; for a journal article include author, title of article, title of journal, volume, pages, and date.
 
DOI - Digital Object Identifier, a persistent unique code used to identify and retrieve a specific publication on the Internet, usually a journal article, web document, or other item of intellectual property
 
database - file of articles, books, or information related to a specific subject or field produced in machine-readable format which can be searched by using a computer via CD-ROM or the InternetExample: EBSCOhost databases
 
digitization - the process of converting data to digital format for processing by a computer, usually for access over the Web
 
e-mail (electronic mail) -  way of sending and receiving messages between users on a network.
 
Fair Use - pertaining to the U.S. Copyright Act, Title 17. Chapter 1. Section 107, in which limitations are set for copying a work. Purposes such as teaching, researching and criticism are acceptable for limited copying of a work.
 
government documents,  federal documents - any materials or publications issued by a local, state, national, or international government agency.  Example: Vital Statistics of the United States, United States Census reports.
 
index -
  a) the index of a book is an alphabetical list at the end of a book, giving page references to where names and references can be found in the book.
  b) a periodical index helps you locate journal articles on a specific topic; indexes are arranged  alphabetically by subject and author, and some contain abstracts (summaries) which  describe the content or main idea of that article.  Example: Reader’s Guide to Periodical  Literature.
 
Internet - international network that links together thousands of computers using telephone and cable links; these computers are called servers and are similar to a local telephone exchange - individual users can then use a modem to connect to the server and thus access the entire network.
 
journal/magazine/periodical/serial - these terms have very similar meanings;
 a) a journal contains scholarly (lengthy academic) research articles, papers, or reports,
 b) a magazine contains popular, less technical articles,
 c) the term periodical can refer to a magazine, a journal, a newspaper, or any publication issued on a regular (periodic) basis.
 d) a serial is a publication which is issued in successive parts with no predictable end; periodicals, magazines, journals, newspapers, annual reports and reviews, are all examples.
 
Library of Congress Subject Heading/s - Set of volumes that outline and explain the preferred terminology, or subject headings, necessary to access information from the library’s online catalog.
 
metadata - structured comprehensive information about an item used for a variety of purposes
 
microforms (microfiche, microfilm, microcard) - microforms describes a format of reduced images from other than the printed page;
 a) microfiche - a 4x6 sheet of film that stores information in a compact format,
 b) microfilm - a roll of film either 16mm or 35mm that stores periodicals or other documents and   requires a reader in order to be used.
 
monograph - a non-serial bibliographic item, i.e., a book, as opposed to a periodical.
 
OPAC (online public access catalog) - computer terminals which provide electronic access to the library’s entire collection; the database is searchable by author, title, and subject.
 
online - connected to the Internet or available on the Internet
 
PDF - Portable document format, a scanned copy of a document submitted to the Adobe Acrobat application. The integrity of the original document is maintained when converted to PDF and then viewed on the Internet.
 
peer reviewed - a lengthy process in which a journal article submitted for publication undergoes critical evaluation by experts in the article's subject area (also known as referees) before it is ultimately published. In some cases, the experts may determine that the article is not worthy of publication.
 
periodical - see journal
 
refereed - see peer reviewed
 
scholarly journal - see journal
 
serial - see journal
 
serials list - an alphabetical list of serial titles, providing call number location and the library’s holdings (the dates of subscription).
 
stacks - are the shelves that hold the library books.  You need a call number to locate a book in the stacks.
 
Subject heading/s - see Library of Congress Subject Heading/s
 
URI (uniform resource identifier) - the standardized method for designating WWW addresses.
 
URL (uniform resource locator) - deprecated term for the standardized method for designating WWW addresses; replaced by URI (above) but still in common usage.
 
Web browser - software program that navigates through WWW pages stored on the Internet; example: Netscape Navigator, or Internet Explorer
 
Web server - computer that stores the collection of Web pages that make up a Web site.
 
Webliography - a list of digital resources such as Web sites on a specific subject area usually providing links to the web sites
 
Wikipedia - a growing public encylopedia of over 4 million articles on subjects on the Internet; registered users may freely edit content of these articles
 
wireless - a method of connecting to a network through electromagnetic waves. Libraries use wireless technology to provide laptops and PCs access to the Internet.
 
• For more entries on library and information science, refer to ODLIS, the Online Dictionary of Library and Information Science.
 
The Instructional Services Librarian position is currently vacant.
If you need assistance, contact Betsy Miguez, Asst. Dean of Public Services.
(337)482-1173
337.482.1160
 

Document last revised Friday, January 25, 2013 12:24 PM

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