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German Prisoners of War Collection (Matthew Schott Papers)

Collection 151B

German Prisoners of War Collection (Matthew Schott Papers), 1934-1995

2 ft., 9 ½ inches

Rosalind Foley and Matthew Schott gathered material to document the history of German Prisoners of War held in Louisiana during World War II. This collection consists of Schott’s papers which include correspondence, photographs, publicity, writings, reports and other various materials pertaining to his research.

See also: Collection 151, which pertains to POW’s at camps in Louisiana
Collection 151A, which consists of Rosalind Foley’s research papers

Series:

A. Writings 1-01 thru 3-04
B. Reports 3-05 thru 3-13
C. Correspondence 4-01 thru 5-08
D. Photographs 5-09 thru 5-10
E. Publicity 5-11 thru 6-12
F. Cassettes Box 7

Inventory:

Box 1
1-01 Writings: unpublished manuscript: Chapters 1 & 2
1-02 Same: unpublished manuscript: Chapters 3 & 4
1-03 Same: unpublished manuscript: Chapters 5 & 6
1-04 Same: unpublished manuscript: Chapters 7 & 8
1-05 Same; unpublished manuscript: Chapters 9 & 10
1-06 Same: unpublished manuscript: Chapters 11 & 12
1-07 Same: unpublished manuscript: Chapters 13 & 14
1-08 Same: unpublished manuscript: Chapters 15 & 16, plus bibliography
1-09 Same: unpublished manuscript: bibliography and other reference materials related to manuscript
1-10 Same: unpublished manuscript: Notes on Digital Media, 1994
1-11 Same: unpublished manuscript: Critiques of Unpublished Book, MS/Rejections, etc., 1993-1995
Box 2
2-01 Writings: notes – 1983 trip to Germany
2-02 Same: Louisiana Historical Association Meeting , papers read (unpublished)
2-03 Same: term paper, “Branch Camp No. 10 – The Hammond Prisoner of War Experience 1944-46." By Dr. Dudley Johnson, Southeastern University, May 1977.
2-04 Same: thesis, “Camp Plauche POW’s: Germans Under the Huey P. Long Bridge, 1944-46." By Bruce J. Blank, UNO, May 1991.
2-05 Same: thesis, “Camp Plauche POW’s: Germans Under the Huey P. Long Bridge, 1944-46." By Bruce J. Blank, UNO, May 1991.
2-06 Same: paper: "The Summer of 1943: Prisoners of War in Louisiana." By Maranatha DuRousseau, Chi Trinh, and Thuy Hanh Trinh. English 115-01, Dr. John Green (instructor), July 23, 1993.
2-07 Same: thesis: "The Utilization of P.O. W. Labor in Louisiana During World War II: A Comparison of Wehrmacht P.O. W. Labor Productivity with that of Prewar Civilian Agricultural Labor." By David Clark, Columbia University. December 1994.
2-08 Same: thesis: "A Historical Study of the Ruston Prisoner of War Camp." By Daniel Oscar Otts. Northeast Louisiana University, May 1971.
2-09 Same: thesis outline: “German Prisoners of War and the Homefront in Louisiana, 1941-1946: A Cultural Interpretation.” By Rafael A. Zagovec, n.d.
2-10 Same: Marjorie Hudson files. Short story based on work at Camp Polk and Contact with POW’s. Includes correspondence and short story entitled “A Single Cloud in a Summer Day.” September 22, 1984
2-11 Same: Kondert translations: Hermann Jung. "Die deotschen Kriegsgerfangenen in amerikanischer Hand U.S.A." (Plauche Camp Paper)
Box 3
3-01 Writings: Otto von Buchinger. (Camp Polk), Articles, memoirs
3-02 Same: Ernest Kreuger. Memoirs, titled “As a Prisoner of War in the USA”.
3-03 Same: Herbert Kuhnle. Memoirs, titled "The Memoirs of Herbert Kuhnle: First Impressions as a Prisoner of War in South Louisiana During World War II." Translated by Meg H. Brown and Dieter J. Waeltermann.
3-04 Same: Herbert Kuhnle. Memoirs. Includes correspondence, news clippings, etc.
3-05 Report: Camp Polk, report of inspection of Prisoner of War Camp, 1945
3-06 Same: Camp Livingston, report of inspection and labor complaints, 1943-1945
3-07 Same: Camp Livingston, report of inspection and labor complaints, 1943-1945
3-08 Same: Camp Claiborne, special orders and visits correspondence, 1944
3-09 Same: Camp Ruston, report of inspections, investigations and visits correspondence, 1945
3-10 Same: Camp Ruston, report of inspections, investigations and visits correspondence, 1944-1945
3-11 Same: Camp Plauche, visits correspondence, 1945
3-12 Same: POW Laborers – Agriculture, Ag Extension Service. (notes from LSU archives), handwritten, 1944-1946
3-13 Same: POW Labor material, and POW utilization which includes correspondence, articles, etc. 1943.
Box 4
4-01 Correspondence: American correspondence, Schott and Fernholtz, 1946, (1 item)
4-02 Same: American correspondence, Schott and Fernholtz, 1981-1982
4-03 Same: American correspondence, Schott and Fernholtz, 1983
4-04 Same: American correspondence, Schott and Fernholtz, 1984: January-February
4-05 Same: American correspondence, Schott and Fernholtz, 1984: March-July
4-06 Same: American correspondence, Schott and Fernholtz, 1985
4-07 Same: American correspondence, Schott and Fernholtz, 1988, 1992
4-08 Same: American correspondence, Schott and Fernholtz, n.d.
4-09 Same: Allen J. Ellender, congressman. POW Agriculture Labor, 1945-1946
4-10 Same: Allen J. Ellender, congressman. POW Agriculture Labor, 1943-1944
4-11 Same: POW trips to United States. 1984; July – December
4-12 Same: POW trips to United States. 1984: April – June
4-13 Same: POW trips to United States. 1984: January- March
4-14 Same: POW trips to United States. 1982-1983
4-15 Same: German correspondence, 1946, 1954
4-16 Same: German correspondence, 1980
4-17 Same: German correspondence, 1981-1983
4-18 Same: German correspondence, 1984
4-19 Same: German correspondence, 1985, 1986, 1989
4-20 Same: German correspondence, 1991-1994
4-21 Same: German correspondence, n.d.
Box 5
5-01 Correspondence: Fernholtz, Otto, 1981-1987
5-02 Same: Fernholtz, Otto (includes POW reminiscences), 1984
5-03 Same:Buchinger, Otto Von (Camp Polk), 1981-1982
5-04 Same: Dietz, Otto (on submarine crews at Camp Ruston), 1982-1984
5-05 Same: Anderson, Albert, stories at Camp Ruston, 1994
5-06 Same: Wionhofer, Herbert (Schaufer, Mary – Aunt), 1934, 1944
5-07 Same: Wionhofer, Herbert (Schaufer, Mary – Aunt), 1945-1946, 1984, n.d.
5-08 Same: Stempel, friedrich, trip to United States and Meeting MRs. Johnson, 1984-1986
5-09 Photographs, Camp Claiborne (postcard size): Mockel, Gerhard, Camp Claiborne, 1945
5-10 Same: mostly unidentified, n.d. (color and black & white)
5-11 Publicity: News clippings – POW, (stories sent to associated press), 1984
5-12 Same: News clippings – Camp Plauche, etc. , 1946, n.d.
5-13 Same: News clippings – POW visit, 1984
Box 6
6-01 Publicity: News clippings, miscellaneous, miscellaneous dates
6-02 Same: Publication: Brimstone! The History of Sulphur, Louisiana, 1878-1980. By Erbon W. Wise, copyright 1981
6-03 Same: Publication: Guide to the Camp Ruston Collections, Special Collections, Manuscripts and Archives, Prescott Memorial Library, Louisiana Tech University, August 1995.
6-04 Same: Publication: And Still We Conquer! A Diary of a Nazi Unteroffizier in the Geerman Africa Corps who was caputured by the United States Army, May 9, 1943 and imprisoned at Camp Shelby, MS. By an unknown NaziUnteroffizier. University of Alabama, 1968.
6-05 Same: Publication: The Fallen Foe- America’s German POW, 1942-1946. Presented by the U.S. Army Engineer Museum, Fort Leonard Wood, MO.
6-06 Same: article: Our Pampered War Prisoner’s. By Robert Devore. Collier’s Magazine, 14 October 1944.
6-07 Same: article: History, Archaeology, and the German Prisoner of War Experience in Rural Louisiana: The Ruston Alien Internment Facility, 1943-1945. By, Joseph M. Scalia
6-08 Same: article: Prisoner of War Labor in the Sugar Cane Field of Lafourche Parish, Louisiana: 1943-1944. By Joseph T. Butler, Jr. Louisiana History, pp.283-295, n.d.
6-09 Same: article: The German Concentration Camp, Bastrop, Louisiana. By Joseph N. Lockwood. Journal of the North Louisiana Historical Association, volume 11, no2. (Spring 1980).
6-10 Same: article: Morton Sosna, Stalog Dixie. Stanford Humanities Review, 2 (1991)
6-11 Same: article: POW in the Piney Woods: German Prisoners of War in the Southern Lumber Industry, 1943-1945. By James E. Fickle and Donald W. Ellis. The Journal of Southern History, n.d.
6-12 Same: Journal: Journal, North Louisiana Historical Association. Volume 11, no.2 (Spring 1980); volume 15, no.2-3 (Spring-Summer 1984)

Box 7 - Cassette Tapes

The cassette tapes: 28 Americans (alphabetical order), 18 German (former POW’s). Includes individual and group interviews for meeting in Hager, Germany, October 1983.

These are interviews by Roselind Foley and Matthew Schott.

Identification of some material is located on either side of tape or on cover.

American
1. Armstrong, Walter (Army), Alexandria, LA. Tape 1 & 2
2. Barnes, Willis (Guard), Livingston Parish, 1984. Tape 1 & 2
3. Busner, Fr. 16 December 1983. Tape 1 & 2
4. Belauger, Orris and Ella, Erath and Abbeville. 18 March 1981
5. Briant, MRs. Randolph (Widow of POW employee), 9 August 1981
6. Campbell, Margaret Robert (Cotton Farmer), Boyce, LA. 20 May 1981
7. Casselman, A.L. (German Born American), Websterville, LA, 31 March 1981. Tape 1 & 2
8. Chaisson, Daigle, Prudhomme. Welsh, LA. 29 April 1981
9. Clark, A.L., Dr. (attending physician in 2 POW camps). Iowa, LA. 30 May 1981.
10. Coreil, Betsy (Franklin and Youngsville POW). Lafayette, LA. 15 October 1981
11. Courrege’, Carroll, Lake Charles, LA. 24 May 1981. Tape 1 & 2
12. Davis, Ervin (Guard), Jeanerette, LA. 1 May 1981
13. Domengeaux, James (former Congressman). 3 September 1981
14. Duchaney, Mary. 19 August 1994. Tape 1, 2, 3
15. Fontenot, Roy (Rice Farmer). Gueydan, LA. 9 January 1982
16. Freeland, Bartow, Sr., Crowley, LA. 14 October 1980
17. Lamb, Agnes, (widow of camp guard), Gueydan, LA. 9 February 1981
18. Landry, Walter, Jr. (farmer’s son), Jeanerette, LA. 1 May 1981
19. Loewer, Arthur (German born rice grower), Mowata, LA. 21 February 1981. Tape 1 & 2
20. Thibodaux, Alec (cane farmer – Caldwell Plantation). 7 June 1981
21. Warren, C.E. (Camp Claiborne). Tape 2
German POW's
1. Buchinger, Otto, Bad Pyrmont, West Germany. 7 October 1983. Tape 2
2. Fredholz, 13 April 1982. Tape 1 & 2
3. Janbocke, Oscar, Bramshe, West Germany (Camp Livingston). 7 October 1983
4. Kuhnle, From Vienna. February 1985
5. Leonhardt, Walter (Campe Plauche’), 12 October 1983
6. Linke, Joseph
7. Mayer, (Camp Ruston), Lafayette, LA. 19 February 1984. Tape 1 & 2
8. Neuendore, 19 May 1984
9. Poppelbaum, Iowa, LA. 18 April 1982
10. Roscher, (Camp Polk), 7 October 1983
Hager Meeting: German POW’s: Groups/General Meeting, October 1983
1. Buchinger, Otto, Dr. Bad Pyrmont, West Germany (Camp Polk). Attending: Dr. Matt Schott, Otto and Ursula Fernholz, John Kirsch, Rosalind Foley. 7 October 1983
2. Germans Only. Tape 1 & 2
3. Warren, C.E. (Camp Claiborne). 2 May 1984
4. Ruston group
5. Small group: I think part of which should be on video sound. 9 October 1983
6. Hager Meeting, 9 October 1983. Tape 1 & 2