Home Search Index A-Z Contact Us Portal
News About Us Academics Student Life Library Research Athletics
University of Louisiana at Lafayette Edith Garland Dupré Library -- Special Collections & Archives
     
Library Home | Welcome | Services | Catalogs | Research | Forms | Comments
 
 
CARNIVAL IN LOUISIANA
 
A Bibliography of Materials in the Edith Garland Dupré Library
 
Compiled by Jean S. Kiesel (jkiesel@louisiana.edu)
 
Introduction   ·   General   ·   Acadiana   ·   Lafayette   ·   New Orleans
Washington, DC   ·   Children's Books   ·   End Notes
 
INTRODUCTION
 
Carnival (literally, the removal of meat(1)) is a festival period before Lent which culminates in Mardi Gras, Fat Tuesday, the day before Ash Wednesday. The celebration traditionally included rites of passage for boys and girls, a reversal of the social order with the crowning of a king of fools, parades and processions, identities disguised by masks and costumes, and ritual alcohol consumption.(2)
 
The French brought Carnival to Louisiana when they colonized the Gulf Coast. Mardi Gras has been celebrated in Louisiana at least since 1699, when Iberville named his campsite on the west bank of the Mississippi River Point de Mardi Gras in honor of the day. Balls and fetes were common under French rule, but were banned by the Spanish. They were allowed to resume by the Americans in 1823, and street masking was legalized in 1827. Early parades were near riots. The first krewe, Comus, was formed in 1857, in part to provide some semblance of order and safety to parades.(3) The early krewes were exclusive social clubs, whose parades and balls were intended for the private amusement of the members, not the public's. Rex was formed in 1872, opening up participation to more people and providing a daytime parade to lure visitors to the city.(4) Other krewes followed. Zulu, an African American Carnival organization, originally was created to parody the august Rex.(5) Other Black social clubs, responding to the Wild West shows popular during the late 19th century, began masking as Indians.(6)
 
Mardi Gras in rural Acadiana developed quite differently from the balls and parades of New Orleans. There, a band of masked horsemen ride out to neighboring farms and beg contributions of for a community gumbo to be shared in town later in the day. This aspect of the celebration stems from the medieval fête de la quémande, a begging ceremony.(7) Again, these celebrations used to be quite rowdy, and they were banned early in the last century. Beginning in Mamou in the 1950s, they have been revived in many towns, with the rules revised to make the runs safer..
 
Literature on Carnival in Louisiana is not rare. A cursory search through Reader's Guide reveals several articles in popular magazines each year, enticing tourists to come to New Orleans and participate in the fun. More recently, travel writers have discovered the Cajun celebrations, notably the Mamou Courir du Mardi Gras. But these articles are usually written by outsiders to explain the celebrations to other outsiders. The cultural symbolism and the medieval traditions behind them are usually lost on outsiders, who see only the tourist-pleasing parades and throws, men drinking themselves insensible and women baring their breasts for a few beads. The nuances of the different celebrations are often lost, and Louisiana readers often find themselves impatient with the distortions and oversimplifications.
 
More accurate information can be found in books and articles written by Louisianians and published in Louisiana. The Edith Garland Dupré Library at the University of Louisiana at Lafayette has an extensive collection of such materials, which the following bibliography attempts to organize.
 
The author has been the Louisiana Room Librarian of the Edith Garland Dupré Library since 1985.
 
GENERAL
 
"Mardi Gras '99: an Anniversary , Sort of." [editorial]. New Orleans Magazine 33, no. 5 (1999): 15.

Byrd, Syndey. "Byrd's Eye View: a Photo Essay of Louisiana Rituals." Cultural Vistas 4, no. 4 (1993): 32-43.

Costello, Brian J. Louisiana Mardi Gras: A Historical Guide to the State's Carnival Parades Outside New Orleans. New Roads, LA: the author, 1997.
LaRm GT 4210 .L8C67 1997

Gaudet, Marcia. "The World Downside Up." [Celebration at National Hansen's Disease Center, Carville, La.] Journal of American Folklore 111, no. 439 (1998): 23-38.

Gaudet, Marcia, and James McDonald. Mardi Gras, Gumbo and Zydeco: Readings in Louisiana Culture. New York: American Heritage Custom Publishing Group, 1996.
LaRm GR 110 .L5M37 1996

Kemp, John. "Sydney Byrd: Images of the Louisiana Carnival." Louisiana Life 15, no. 4 (1995-1996): 32-35.

Powers, Susan Ory. "Horaist and His Magic." Best of Lafayette 2, no. 1 (1987): 43-47.

Richard, Christine. "A Different Drum: Other American Carnivals." New Orleans Magazine 39, no. 4 (2005): 20-21.

Scott, Liz. "Mardi Gras Etiquette." New Orleans Magazine 23, no. 5 (1989): 33.

Stahls, Paul F. "Mardi Gras Meanderings." Louisiana Life 14, no. 4 (1994-1995): 18-22.

------- . "Yule to Mardi Gras." Louisiana Life 13, no. 4 (1993-1994): 18-24.
 
KING CAKE
 
Brasseaux, Ryan. "King Cakes: Not Just a New Orleans Tradition." Louisiana Cookin' 7, no. 2 (2004): 6-7+.

Fitzmorris, Tom. "Season of the King Cake." New Orleans Magazine 24, no. 5 (1990): 23+.

Fonseca, Mary. "Hail! Hail! King of Cake." Americana 17, no. 6 (1990): 54-57.

Fontenot, Ruth. "Cakes for the King of Twelfth Night." [King cake recipes] Louisiana Life 8, no. 6 (1989): 16-19.

Laborde, Errol. "Carnival of the Cake." New Orleans Magazine 24, no. 5 (1990): 112.

-------. "The King Cake Reconsidered." New Orleans Magazine 29, no.4 (1995): 112.

Ryland, Janet. "From Custom to Coffee Cake: the Commodification of the Louisiana King Cake." Louisiana Folklore Miscellany 9 (1994): 1-18.

Monaghan, Liz Scott. "Sugared Babies: How McKenzie's Brought the Baby to King Cakes." New Orleans Magazine 37, no. 5 (2003): 14-16.

Wisdom, Maria K. "Crowning Achievement: Making YOur Own King Cake." New Orleans Magazine 34, no. 5 (2000): 17-18.
 
MUSIC
 
Berry, Jason. "Down on Rampart and Dumaine: Professor Longhair and the Music of Carnival." New Orleans Magazine 34, no. 5 (2000): 30-31.

-------. "If Ever They Cease to Play: Jimmy Maxwell and the Music of Carnival Balls."New Orleans Magazine 37, no. 5 (2003): 32+.

-------. "It Takes a Cool Cat: the Evolution of a Carnival Classic." New Orleans Magazine 31, no. 4 (1997): 43-44.

-------. "Those Place Names in Mardi Gras Music." New Orleans Magazine 29, no. 5 (1995): 50-52.

Giusti, Autumn. "Persona: Al 'Carnival Time' Johnson." New Orleans Magazine 37, no. 5 (2003): 11.

Laborde: Errol. "When Jazz and Carnival Found Each Other." [1948] New Orleans Magazine 37, no. 4 (2003): 136.

Swoboda, Ron. "Al Johnson is Smokin': All Because It's Carnival Time." New Orleans Magazine 34, no. 5 (2000): 32-33.
 
ACADIANA

"Mardi Gras: When the Good Times Roll." Acadiana Profile 8, no. 1 (1980): 6-11.

"Pointe Coupee Mardi Gras Enjoys Unique History." Acadiana Profile 1, no. 5 (1969): 35.

Ancelet, Barry Jean, and James Edmunds. Capitaine, Voyage Ton Flag: the Traditional Cajun Country Mardi Gras. Lafayette: Center for Louisiana Studies, University of Southwestern Louisiana, 1989.
stks & LaRm F 380 .A2C37 1989

Brasseaux, Ryan. "Dance for a Chicken: Mardi Gras Beyond New Orleans." Louisiana Cookin' 6, no. 3 (2003): 10-11+.

Caffery, Josh. "Courir de Mardi Gras." ArtWorks Feb./March 2001: 19-21.

Cagle, Madeline Domangue. "Neither Spared nor Spoiled: the Mardi Gras Chase in Choupic, Louisiana." Louisiana Folklore Miscellany 11 (1996): 17-28.

Celano, Lee. "Cajun Mardi Gras: the Chase is On." Cultural Vistas 12, no. 3 (2001): 68-81.

Chicoine, Marie. Laches Lousses: Les Fetes Populaires Au Quebec, En Acadie Et En Louisiane. Montreal: VLB Editeur, 1982.
LaRm GT 4813 .A3Q45 1982

Cleland, Jennifer. Cajun Carnival: American Myths and Radical Roots. Ph.D. Dissertation, Cornell University, 1997.
LaRm GT 4210 .L8C54 1999a

Costello, Brian J. Rolling for Charity: a Pictorial History of the New Roads Lions Carnival Parade. New Roads, LA: The author, 2004.
LaRm GT 4191 .N499 C67 2004

Eakin, Sue. "In Mamou: They Ride the Mardi Gras!" Louisiana Heritage 1, no. 2 (1969): 5+.

Griffin, Amanda. "Eunice: Prairie Cajun Capital of Louisiana." Acadiana Profile 15, no. 3 (1992): 10-18.

Guglielmi, Luc Dominique Henri. La Célébration du Mardi Gras à Basile: du Sacré dans la Profane. M.A. Thesis, University of Louisiana at Lafayette, 2001.
stks & LaRm LD 3091 .L665 2001 GUGL

Jaynes, Gregory. "In Louisiana: a Mad, Mad Mardi Gras." [Mamou Mardi Gras ride] Time 125, no. 9 (1985): 14-15.

"Acadian Celebrations: the Eunice Mardi Gras Run." in Le Reveil Des Fetes: Revitalized Celebrations and Performance Traditions. edited by Linda Langley, Susan G. LeJeune, and Claude Oubre, 8-20. Eunice, LA: Louisiana State University at Eunice, 1997.
stks & LaRm GT 4810 .L8R4 1997

Lindahl, Carl. "Bakhtin's Carnival Laughter and the Cajun Country Mardi Gras." Folklore 107 (1996):57-70.

-------. "One Family's Mardi Gras: the Moreaus of Basile." Louisiana Cultural Vistas 9, no. 3 (1998): 46-53.

-------. "The Presence of the Past in the Cajun Country Mardi Gras." Journal of Folklore Research 33, no.2 (1996):125-153.

Lindahl, Carl, and Carolyn Ware. Cajun Mardi Gras Masks. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 1997.
LaRm GT 1748 .U52L85 1997

Mire, Pat. "Dance for a Chicken." Cultural Vistas 3, no. 4 (1992): 16-19+.

Dance for a Chicken: the Cajun Mardi Gras.
produced and directed by Pat Mire. 57 min. videocassette. Eunice, LA: Attakapas Productions, 1993.
LaRm F 380 .C2D36 1993

Pitre, Glenn. "Mardi Gras Chase." Louisiana Life 12, no. 1 (1992): 54-60.

Ross, Nola Mae Wittler. Mardi Gras in Calcasieu Parish: a Pictorial History. Sulphur, LA: Wise Printing Co., 1991.
LaRm GT 4210 .L8R67 1991

Rotary Club of Saint-Martinville Inc. Rotary Mardi Gras Ball. St. Martinville, LA: the Club, 1969.
LaRm F 379 .S2R6

Sandmel, Ben. "Le Danse De Mardi Gras: Music of the Cajun Carnival." Louisiana Life 18, no. 3 (1998-1999): 42-45.

Savoy, Cassondra. "Mardi Gras in Cajun Country: Where the Good Times Really Roll!" Acadiana Profile 19, no. 3 (1998): 38+.

Sonnier, Floyd. "Mardi Gras in Cajun Country." Acadiana Profile 22, no. 4 (2003): 15-18.

Spitzer, Nicholas R. "Zydeco and Mardi Gras: Creole Identity and Performance Genres in Rural French Louisiana." University of Texas at Austin, 1986.
LaRm F 380 .C87 S6

Ware, Carolyn Elizabeth. "Reading the Rules Backwards: Women and the Rural Cajun Mardi Gras." University of Pennsylvania, 1994.
stks HQ 1438 .L8W37 1994a
 
LAFAYETTE

"Another Reason to Celebrate: USL Study Shows Mardi Gras Throws Big Bucks Into Lafayette Economy." La Louisiane 9 no. 1 (1998): 6-7.

Agrusa, Jerome F. "The Economic Impact of Mardi Gras in Lafayette, 1999." Louisiana Business Survey 30, no. 2, (1999): 10-11.

Friloux, Heather E. The Economic Impact of Mardi Gras 1998 on Lafayette, Louisiana. M.S. Thesis, University of Southwestern Louisiana, 1999.
stks & LaRm LD 3091 .L665 1999 FRIL

Mamalakis, Mario. Lafayette, Acadians, Mardi Gras: a Vignette. Lafayette, LA: Sans Souci Press, 1959.
LaRm F 379 .L16M32

------. Lafayette, the Acadian City of the Mardi Gras. Lafayette, LA: Southwest Chapter, American Association of Oil Drilling Contractors, 1959.
LaRm F 379 .L16M32 1959

-------. "Mardi Gras in the Metropolis of the Cajun Country." Acadiana Profile 4, no. 4 (1975): 40-42.
stks & LaRm F 380 .F8A32

Mardi Gras Collection., 1953-. University Archives. [Scrapbooks, programs, photographs, scripts, etc., from the Lafayette Town House Order of Troubadors Mardi Gras pageants, 1953- . Also programs from Southwest Louisiana Mardi Gras Association pageants, and miscellaneous material from other organizations.]
Archive Coll. 80

Southwest Louisiana Mardi Gras Association, editor. Program of the ... Annual Mardi Gras Ball. Lafayette, LA: the association, 1959-1998.
stks & LaRm F 379 .L16S65

Tutwiler, Mary. "Too Big for Fightin'ville." ArtWorks Feb./March 2000: 16.

Williams, Lyle Givens. "A Brief Look at the Town House Balls, 1954-1968." Lafayette Daily Advertiser (1969).
LaRm F 379 .L16W5
 
NEW ORLEANS

"Best of Mardi Gras." New Orleans Magazine 24, no. 6 (1990): 50-51.

"Beyond the French Quarter." New Orleans Magazine 23, no. 5 (1989): 34-35.

"Carnival During Times of Unrest." [1974] [editorial] New Orleans Magazine 37, no. 5 (2003): 13.

"Carnival in Crisis: in Defense of Tradition." [editorial] New Orleans Magazine 26, no. 5 (1992): 10-11.

"Carnival Vs. Verbal Intimidation." [editorial] New Orleans Magazine 27, no. 1 (1992): 8-9.

"Carnival Landmarks: Ten Worth Remembering." [editorial] New Orleans Magazine 36, no. 5 (2002): 13.

"Carnival 2000: Marching into Time." [editorial] New Orleans Magazine 34, no. 5 (2000): 13.

"Carnival: What Went Wrong?: Some Questions and Answers." New Orleans Magazine 27, no. 5 (1993): 40-41.

"The Case for Defending Carnival." [editorial] New Orleans Magazine 29, no. 5 (1995): 22.

Doubloon Price Guide, 1960 Thru 1979: One Collector's Guide: Mardi Gras, New Orleans. s.l.: s.n., 1979.
LaRm GT 4211 .N4D8 1978

"Hades for Don Dupepe (and Other Mardi Gras Stories)." New Orleans Magazine 22, no. 5 (1988): 50-51.

"Is Carnival Made for TV?" New Orleans Magazine 29, no. 4 (1995): 37.

"It's Here: Carnival's Commercialism Crisis." [editorial] New Orleans Magazine 28, no. 5 1994): 21.

"It's Party Time in New Orleans!" River Cities 6, no. 2 (1987): 11.

"Learning From the Fiasco." [editorial] New Orleans Magazine 27, no. 5 (1993):10-11.

"Mardi Gras." [trivia] New Orleans Magazine 28, no. 5 (1994): 14+.

"Mardi Gras Meets the Laser Beam: Photographs by Jackson Hill." Louisiana Life 2, no. 6 (1983): 48-53.

Mardi Gras New Orleans: Official Souvenir Magazine. New Orleans: s.n., 1968.
LaRm F 379 .N5M2 1968

"Out-of-Towners' Guide." New Orleans Magazine 23, no. 5 (1989): 36.

"Quick Costumes." New Orleans Magazine 23, no. 5 (1989): 37+.

"A Sense of Foreboding." [editorial] New Orleans Magazine 26, no. 11 (1992): 9.

"Something New This Carnival: Introducing the Crowning of the Jazz Kings." [editorial] New Orleans Magazine 32, no. 5 (1998): 19.

Throw Me Somethin' Mister: Mardi Gras Madness New Orleans Style. New Orleans: HER Pub. Co., 1982. stks &
LaRm F 379 .N5T49

"What the Next Mayor Should Do About Carnival." [editorial] New Orleans Magazine 28, no. 5 (1994): 12-13.

Abbott, William T. "Show Us Your Torts." Louisiana Bar Journal 50, no. 5 (2003): 350-353.

Askew, Theresa Wilhelm. "New (and Improved!) Orleans." [opinion] New Orleans Magazine 27, no. 5 (1993): 10-11.

Batson, Roberts. "Gay Rites." New Orleans Magazine 30, no. 5 (1996): 52-57.

Bonge, Lyle, and James Leo Herlihy. The Sleep of Reason: Lyle Bonge's Ultimate Ash-Hauling Mardi Gras Photographs. New York: Jargon Society, 1974.
stks & LaRm TR 654 .B71

Boulard, Garry. "Balls, Beads and Bigotry: Are Jews Still Excluded From Mardi Gras?" New Orleans Magazine 20, no. 5 (1986): 66-69.

Button, Graham. "Like Santa Claus." [Blaine Kern, builder of parade floats] Forbes 156, no. 8 (1995): 148+.

Byrd, Syndey. "Byrd's Eye View: a Photo Essay of Louisiana Rituals." Cultural Vistas 4, no. 4 (1993): 32-43.

Cafiero, Autumn. "Brushing Up On Royalty: Rex Reigns on '99 Poster." New Orleans Magazine 33, no. 5 (1999): 28-29.

Dawson, Faith. "Carnival Collage: The Photography of Mitchel Osborne." New Orleans Magazine 37, no. 5 (2003): 24-25.

-------. "Town and Gown: In His Gulf Coast Studio, Carter Church Designs Spectacular Carnival Costumes." New Orleans Magazine 36, no. 5 (2002): 24-25.

DeVore, Harry L. City of the Mardi Gras. New York: Beechhurst Press, B. Ackerman, Inc., 1946.
LaRm NC 1075 .D4

DiPalma, Thomas. New Orleans Carnival and Its Climax Mardi Gras. New Orleans: Homes Printing Co., 1953.
LaRm F 379 .N5B53

Dufour, Charles L., and Leonard V. Huber. If Ever I Cease to Love: One Hundred Years of Rex, 1872-1971. New Orleans: School of Design, 1970.
LaRm GT 4211 .N4D8

Eichhorn, Mary Lou. "Cradle of Carnival." New Orleans Magazine 30, no. 5 (1996): 58-59.

Engelberg, Adrian. "Reach and Screech, It's Mardi Gras." New Orleans Magazine 21, no. 6 (1987): 28-29.

Finn, Kathy. "Business in the City." New Orleans Magazine 24, no. 2 (1989): 69-70.

-------. "No Business Like Throw Business." New Orleans Magazine 24, no. 6 (1990): 67.

Flake, Carol. New Orleans: Behind the Masks of America's Most Exotic City. New York: Grove Press, 1994.
LaRm GT 4211 .N4F53 1994

Gay, Patricia H. "The Real Issue: Urban Life, and How to Preserve It." [Editorial] Preservation in Print 19, no. 2 (1992): 4.

Gill, James. "Lords of Misrule: Mardi Gras and the Politics of Race." [Excerpt] Louisiana Cultural Vistas 8, no. 2 (1997): 66-75+.

-------. Lords of Misrule: Mardi Gras and the Politics of Race in New Orleans. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 1997.
stks & LaRm GT 4211 .N4G55 1997

Glasgow, Vaughn L. "The Mystery of the Carnival German." Cultural Vistas 4, no. 4 (1993): 4-5.

Greater New Orleans Archivists. Guide to Resources in New Orleans Repositories for the Study of Carnival in New Orleans. New Orleans: Greater New Orleans Archivists, 1993.
LaRm GT 4211 .N4G84 1993

Griffin, Tommy. "City Hall, Mardi Gras and All That Jazz." New Orleans Magazine 21, no. 5 (1987): 4+.

-------. "Mardi Gras Parades into Full Festivity." New Orleans Magazine 21, no. 4 (1987): 6-8.

Guren, Jay, and Richard Ugan. Carnival Panorama: New Orleans Mardi Gras Medals and Krewes, 1884-1965. New Orleans: Anderson Publications, 1966.
LaRm GT 4211 .N4G87 1966

Gurtner, George. "The Best Mardi Gras Primer in Town." New Orleans Magazine 22, no. 5 (1988): 46-49.

-------. "Carrying the Banner on Mardi Gras." New Orleans Magazine 30, no. 5 (1996): 106-7.

-------. "The Oldest Buzzard." New Orleans Magazine 25, no. 6 (1991): 135-36.

Hardy, Arthur, editor. Arthur Hardy's Mardi Gras Guide. Vol. 11-19. New Orleans: the author, 1987-1995.
LaRm GT 4211 .N4N48

Hardy, Arthur, editor. New Orleans Mardi Gras Guide. Vol. 1,3-4, 6-9. New Orleans: the author, 1977, 1979-80, 1982-1985.
LaRm GT 4211 .N4N48

Heddon, Wendell. "Mardi Gras!: Paying for the Party." New Orleans Magazine 19, no. 5 (1985): 38-41.

Houck, Oliver. "Take Me to the Mardi Gras." New Orleans Magazine 21, no. 6 (1987): 44-45.

Howard, Kate. "The Evolving Customs of the Jefferson City Buzzards Carnival Club." Louisiana Folklore Miscellany 11 (1996): 1-15.

Huber, Leonard V. Mardi Gras: a Pictorial History of Carnival in New Orleans. Gretna, LA: Pelican Pub. Co., 1977.
stks & LaRm GT 4211 .N4H82

Katz, Allan. "The Gay Way." New Orleans Magazine 25, no. 6 (1991): 52-53.

Keith, Don Lee. "Carnival Beads Have Feelings, Too." New Orleans Magazine 26, no. 5 (1992): 103.

Kemp, John. "Royal Flush: the Glory Days of Mardi Gras Art." Louisiana Life 17, no. 4 (1997-1998): 32-35.

Kinser, Samuel. Carnival, American Style: Mardi Gras at New Orleans and Mobile. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1990.
LaRm GT 4211 .N4K56 1990

Kolb, Carolyn. "The Easy Rider Carnivals." New Orleans Magazine 39, no. 4 (2005): 133-134.

-------. " Mayors, Mardi Gras and Gallier Hall." New Orleans Magazine 38, no. 5 (2004): 112+.

La Cour, Arthur Burton. New Orleans Masquerade: Chronicles of Carnival. Gretna, LA: Pelican Pub. Co., 1952.
LaRm F 379 .N5L14

Laborde, Errol. "Backstage at the Ball." New Orleans Magazine 25, no. 6 (1991): 140.

-------. "Buzzard Bait." New Orleans Magazine 39, no. 4 (2005): 136.

-------. "Carnival by the 5s: the Best of Who's Who and What's What." New Orleans Magazine 39, no. 4 (2005): 59-63.

-------. "Carnival's Cocktail." [Ojen] New Orleans Magazine 36, no. 5 (2002): 136.

-------. "Change and Tradition." New Orleans Magazine 25, no. 6 (1991): 56-59.

-------. "Comus." New Orleans Magazine 29, no. 5 (1995): 104.

-------. "Confessions of a Carnival Buff." New Orleans Magazine 24, no. 6 (1990): 49.

-------. "The Fireboat That Rescued Rex." [2002] New Orleans Magazine 37, no. 5 (2003): 136.

-------. "Five Years That Changed Carnival." New Orleans Magazine 39, no. 4 (2005): 64.

-------. "How Mardi Gras Has Changed: Let Us Count the Ways." New Orleans Magazine 28, no. 5 (1994): 42-45.

-------. "If Ever I Cease to Love: the Song and the Parade Theme." New Orleans Magazine 31, no. 4 (1997): 53.

-------. Krewe: the Early New Orleans Carnival Comus to Zulu. Metairie, LA: Carnival Press, 2007.
LaRm GT 4311 .N4 L23 2007

-------. "The Last Days of Christmas." New Orleans Magazine 28, no. 3 (1993): 100.

-------. "The Last Time." New Orleans Magazine 27, no. 5 (1993): 100.

-------."Mardi Gras." [Trivia] New Orleans Magazine 26, no. 5 (1992): 16-17.

-------. "The Men Who Made Mardi Gras." [1857] New Orleans Magazine 36, no. 5 (2002): 45-50.

-------. "Momus." New Orleans Magazine 30, no. 5 (1996): 112.

-------. "Palace for an Evening." New Orleans Magazine 26, no. 4 (1992): 132.

-------. "Parades in Quarter-Time." [Parades in the French Quarter] New Orleans Magazine 32, no. 5 (1998): 128.

-------. "The Poet Within Carnival." New Orleans Magazine 24, no. 6 (1990): 108.

-------. "Proteus and Kin." New Orleans Magazine 26, no. 5 (1992): 104.

-------. "Sow Me Something, Mister; Rex at 125: Some Theories of Evolution." New Orleans Magazine 31, no. 4 (1997): 50-53+.

-------. "The Way of the Wine God: Bacchus at 30." New Orleans Magazine 32, no. 5 (1998): 52-57.

-------. "When Rex Met Zulu." New Orleans Magazine 34, no. 5 (2000): 128.

-------. "When Rituals Reign." New Orleans Magazine 25, no. 5 (1991): 112.

Ludwig, Jack. The Great American Spectacular: the Kentucky Derby, Mardi Gras and Other Days of Celebration. Garden City, NY: Doubleday & Co., 1976.
stks GT 4803 .L82

Magill, John. "1872: New Orleans at the Time of the First Rex Parade." New Orleans Magazine 31, no. 4 (1997): 54-56.

-------. "Mardi Gras Monuments Melt Away." Preservation in Print 22, no. 1 (1995): 30.

Magill, John T. "Carnival Leftovers: the Ephemera of the New Orleans Mardi Gras." LLA Bulletin 53, no. 2 (1990): 77-84.

Masciere, Christina. "Crowning Achievement: Carnival's Royal Costumer." New Orleans Magazine 31, no. 4 (1997): 58-61.

-------. "Schindler's Wish: Preserving the Art of Carnival." New Orleans Magazine 30, no. 5 (1996): 34+.

-------. "Wigging Out: for the Saussayes, Carnival Is a Hairy Experience." New Orleans Magazine 32, no. 5 (1998): 58-59.

McCaffety, Kerri. Masking and Madness: Mardi Gras in New Orleans. New York: Vissi d'Arte Books, 2002.
LaRm GT 4211 .N4 M33 2002

McLain, James J. "The Economic Impact of Mardi Gras, 1994." Louisiana Business Survey 26, no. 1 (1995): 2-3.

-------. "The Economic Impact of Mardi Gras, 1995." Louisiana Business Survey 26, no. 2 (1995): 2-4+.

-------. "The Economic Impact of Mardi Gras, 1996." Louisiana Business Survey 27, no. 2 (1996): 2-4.

-------. "The Economic Impact of Mardi Gras, 1997." Louisiana Business Survey 29, no. 1 (1998): 2-4.

-------. "The Economic Impact of Mardi Gras on New Orleans." Louisiana Business Survey 18, no. 1 (1987): 6-9.

-------. "The Economics of Mardi Gras, 1990." Louisiana Business Survey 22, no. 2 (1991): 10-11.

McLain, James J. Local Government Revenues From Mardi Gras Parades in New Orleans, Together With The Economic Impact of Mardi Gras Spending on the Metropolitan Economy. Division of Business and Economic Research, College of Business Administration, University of New Orleans, New Orleans, 1987.
LaRm HC 107 .L8L58 no.57

-------. "New Orleans' Mardi Gras Economy: 1987 Update." Louisiana Business Survey 19, no. 1 (1988): 2-3.

-------. "New Orleans' Mardi Gras Economy: 1988 Update." Louisiana Business Survey 20, no. 1 (1989): 10-11.

-------. "New Orleans' Mardi Gras Economy: 1989 Update." Louisiana Business Survey 21, no. 1 (1990): 2-3+.

Mitchell, Reid. All on a Mardi Gras Day: Episodes in the History of New Orleans Carnival. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1995.
LaRm GT 4211 .N4M57 1995

O'Brien, Rosary Hartel. "The New Orleans Carnival Organizations: Theatre of Prestige." University of California at Los Angeles, 1973.
LaRm F 379 .N55O27 1981

Oneal, Marion Sherrard. "New Orleans Scenes: Mardi Gras (1890s)." Louisiana History 6, no. 2 (1965): 196-203. stks &

Orsinski, Mike. "The Case of the Purloined Party: or How New Orleans Got Mardi Gras." [Contrasts Mardi Gras in Mobile where the author grew up with 4-day celebration in New Orleans today] New York Times 5 February 1989, sec. 5, p. 47.

Osborne, Mitchell L., and Errol Laborde. Mardi Gras!: a Celebration. New Orleans: Picayune Press, 1981.
LaRm GT 4211 .N4O8 c.2

Osburn, Margaret. "Art Afloat." [Floats by Joe Barth] Americana 15, no. 6 (1988): 49-53.

Preau, Aimee. "Mardi Gras Invitational." New Orleans Magazine 26, no. 5 (1992): 59-60.

-------. "Sovereign State." New Orleans Magazine 26, no. 5 (1992): 46-47.

Raabe, Phyllis Hutton. "Status and Impact: New Orleans Carnival, the Social Upper Class, and Upper-Class Power." Pennsylvania State University, 1973.
LaRm HN 80 .N4R1 1981

Riegel, Stephanie. "Dibs on Debs." New Orleans Magazine 24, no. 6 (1990): 55+.

Roach, Joseph. Cities of the Dead: Circum-Atlantic Performance. New York: Columbia University Press, 1996.
LaRm GT 4211 .N4R63 1996

Romig, Mary Beth. "The Art of the Flambeaux." New Orleans Magazine 29, no. 5 (1995): 34-36.

-------. "Rex I: the Man on the Proclamation." New Orleans Magazine 28, no. 5 (1994): 30-32.

Salaun, Zuma Young. Mardi Gras Facts and Fancies. New Orleans: Historical Nuggets, 1983.
LaRm F 379 .N5S2

Savage, Phoebe. "Balls, Booze, Broads & Beads." Louisiana 1, no. 4 (1967): 10-15.

Saxon, Lyle, and E. H. Suydam. Fabulous New Orleans. New York, London: Century Co., 1928.
stks & LaRm F 379 .N5S27

-------. Fabulous New Orleans. New Orleans: R. L. Crager, 1947.
stks F 379 .N5S27 1928

Schindler, Henri. "The Artists of Mardi Gras: the Golden Age of Carnival, 1870-1930." Arts Quarterly 19, no. 4 (1997): 12-13.

-------. "Crown Jewels: the Top Ten People in New Orleans' Carnival History." New Orleans Magazine 33, no. 5 (1999): 45-47.

-------. Mardi Gras: New Orleans. New York: Flammarion, 1997.
LaRm GT 5211 .N4 S35 1997

-------. Mardi Gras Treasures: Costume Designs of the Golden Age. Gretna, LA: Pelican Pub. Co., 2002.
LaRm GT 4211. N4 S369 2002.

-------. Mardi Gras Treasures: Float Designs of the Golden Age. Gretna, LA: Pelican Pub. Co., 2001.
LaRm GT 4211 .N4 S37 2001.

-------. Mardi Gras Treasures: Invitations of the Golden Age. Gretna, LA: Pelican Pub. Co., 2000.
LaRm NC 1880 .S36 2000

-------. Mardi Gras Treasures: Jewelry of the Golden Age. New Orleans: Pelican Pub. Co., 2006.
LaRm NK 7312 .S33 2006

Scott, Liz. "Birth of the Super Krewes." New Orleans Magazine 25, no. 6 (1991): 103-5.

-------. "Bowing to Technology: The Year Carnival Became Mechanical." [1950: when electric lights replaced flambeaux and tractors replaced mules] New Orleans Magazine 32, no. 5 (1998): 20-22.

-------. "Buzzards at Bay." New Orleans Magazine 31, no. 4 (1997): 20-22.

-------. "Carnival: the Year of the Strike." New Orleans Magazine 24, no. 6 (1990): 37-39.

-------. "In the Days Before Doubloons." New Orleans Magazine 26, no. 5 (1992): 59-60.

-------. "Royal Oui." [1950: Duke and Duchess of Windsor Bow to Comus] New Orleans Magazine 34, no. 5 (2000): 52-53.

-------. "Strike Zone: Twenty Canivals Ago, There Were No Parades in the City, But Lots of Tension." New Orleans Magazine 33, no. 5 (1999): 16-18.

-------. "Throw Me Something Mister!" New Orleans Magazine 21, no. 6 (1987): 88.

-------. "When Patriotism Reigned: Carnival During a National Emergency." [1951] New Orleans Magazine 36, no. 5 (2002): 14-15.

------- . "When Saturday Night Live Came to Carnival." New Orleans Magazine 28, no. 5 (1994): 98-99.

Senter, Caroline. "Carnival of Errors." Nation 254, no. 14 (1992): 496-97.

Shrum, Wesley, and John Kilburn. "Ritual Disrobement at Mardi Gras: Ceremonial Exchange and ...." Social Forces 75, no. 2 (1996): 423-58.

Stahls, Paul F. "Books: Organizing Carnival Chaos." Louisiana Life 3, no. 6 (1984): 99+.

-------. "The Wheelwright of the Gods Lives." New Orleans Magazine 22, no. 5 (1988): 34-36.

Strachan, Sue. "Mask-Believe: Ducks and Others Are Birds of a Feather." [Costumes] New Orleans Magazine 32, no. 5 (1998): 82.

Swoboda, Ron. "When the Movies Come to Mardi Gras." New Orleans Magazine 30, no. 5 (1996): 49-50.

Tallant, Robert. Mardi Gras. Garden City, New York: Doubleday, 1948.
stks & LaRm F 379 .N5T25

Thinnes, Billy. "Praise to St. Anne: a March from the R Bar to Canal Street." New Orleans Magazine 39, no. 4 (2005): 99-101.

Trillin, Calvin. "New Orleans Unmasked." New Yorker 73, no. 45 (1998): 38-43.

Tumlinson, Terrell. "Working the Streets." New Orleans Magazine 21, no. 6 (1987): 62-64.

Virgets, Ronnie. "Upward Nobility." New Orleans Magazine 25, no. 6 (1991): 44-51+.

Wickiser, Ralph Lewanda, Caroline Durieux, and John McCrady. Mardi Gras Day. New York: H. Holt, 1948.
LaRm NC 1070 .W5

Willis, Perry. "Carnival: the Moveable Feast Moves on." Preservation in Print 21, no. 1 (1994): 10-12.

Young, Perry. Carnival and Mardi Gras in New Orleans. New Orleans: Harmanson's, 1939.
LaRm F 379 .N5Y7
 
PARADES
 
"Comus, Momus and Proteus: a Last Look?" New Orleans Magazine 27, no. 5 (1993): 34-39.

" If You Can Only See 16 Parades...." [editorial] New Orleans Magazine 38, no. 5 (2004): 27.

"Krewesin' the Streets." New Orleans Magazine 25, no. 6 (1991): 60-61.

"Krewesin' the Streets." New Orleans Magazine 26, no. 5 (1992): 40-41.

"Krewesin' the Streets: a Ranking of the Downtown Parades." New Orleans Magazine 28, no. 5 (1994): 46-47.

"Krewesin' the Streets: a Ranking of the Downtown Parades." New Orleans Magazine 29, no. 5 (1995): 62-63.

"Krewesin' the Streets: a Ranking of the Downtown Parades." New Orleans Magazine 30, no. 5 (1996): 60-61.

"Krewesin' the Streets: a Ranking of the Downtown Parades." New Orleans Magazine 31, no. 4 (1997): 62-63+.

"Krewesin' the Streets: a Ranking of the Downtown Parades." New Orleans Magazine 32, no. 5 (1998): 60-61+.

"Krewesin' the Streets: a Ranking of the Downtown Parades." New Orleans Magazine 33, no. 5 (1999): 52-55.

"Krewesin' the Streets: a Ranking of the Downtown Parades." New Orleans Magazine 37, no. 5 (2003): 48-49.

"Krewesin' the Streets: a Ranking of What's Left Among the Downtown Parades." New Orleans Magazine 27, no. 5 (1993): 42-43.

"Krewesin' the Streets: Our Annual Ranking of Downtown Carnival Parades." New Orleans Magazine 35, no. 5 (2000): 44-46.

Daswon, Faith. "Stand Back Please: Making Way for the Bands of Carnival." New Orleans Magazine 34, no. 5 (2000): 48-50.

Ettinger, Brian. "Rex Appeal: Anatomy of a Parade." New Orleans Magazine 33, no. 5 (1999): 72-75.

Gurtner, George. "Like a Lyon: John Dimitry's Carnival." New Orleans Magazine 37, no. 5 (2003): 132-133.

Laborde, Errol. "Endymion's Uptown Visit." New Orleans Magazine 38, no. 5 (2004): 120.

-------. "Parade Rest: Carrollton at 75." New Orleans Magazine 33, no. 5 (1999): 128.

-------. Proteus Resurfaces: After an Absence of Seven Carnivals, a Historic Krewe Returns to the Streets." New Orleans Magazine 34, no. 5 (2000): 54-59.

Lutz, Brobson. "A Distant Trauma: Injuries Along the Parade Route." New Orleans Magazine 39, no. 4 (2005): 30-31.

Scott, Liz. "Carnival on Claiborne." New Orleans Magazine 27, no. 5 (1993): 66-67.

-------. "Distant Drums: When Carnival Parades Marched Through the Quarter." New Orleans Magazine 30, no. 5 (1996): 46-47.

Swoboda, Ron. "Endymion Tries Uptown." New Orleans Magazine 37, no. 5 (2003): 35-36.

-------. "Heart Nouveau: a Near-Death Experience Has Given Float-Dulider Blaine Kern a New Attitude." New Orleans Magazine 33, no. 5 (1999): 38-39.
 
BALLS
 
Dawson, Faith. "Skirting Issues: Carnival Formal Wear." New Orleans Magazine 39, no. 4 (2005): 26.
 
KREWES
 
"Captain of Rex." New Orleans Magazine 30, no. 5 (1996): 15.

"Persona: Ed Muniz." [Founder of the Krewe of Endymion] New Orleans Magazine 32, no. 5 (1998): 10.

Block, Katie. "Persona: the Captain of Rex." New Orleans Magazine 38, no. 5 (2004): 15-16.

Laborde, Errol. "A King and a Prayer: Research Uncovers New Revleations About the First Rex." [1872] New Orleans Magazine 38, no. 5 (2004): 44-46.

Manalla, Christine. "Persona: Louis 'Tony' Williams." [King Zulu 2002] New Orleans Magazine 36, no. 5 (2002): 11.

Manalla, Christine L. "Past Master." [Ed Muniz, founder of Endymion] New Orleans Magazine 33, no. 5 (1999): 48-51.

Swoboda, Ron. " Bacch Around the Clock: Memories From the Original Superkrewe." New Orleans Magazine 36, no. 5 (2002): 32-33.

-------. " Mondu and the Krewe du Vieux." New Orleans Magazine 39, no. 4 (2005): 24.

Tassin, Myron. Bacchus. Gretna, LA: Pelican Pub. Co., 1975.
stks & LaRm GT 4211 .N4T37

Tassin, Myron, and Gaspar Stall. Mardi Gras and Bacchus: Something Old, Something New. Gretna, LA: Pelican Pub. Co., 1984.
LaRm GT 4211 .N4T38 1984

Webster, Richard A. "Like a Leviathan: Ten Years Ago Orpheus Was Born Big, Over the Decade It Would Become More Spectacular Too."New Orleans Magazine 37, no. 5 (2003): 42-47.

Young, Perry. The Mystick Krewe: Chronicles of Comus and His Kin. New Orleans: Carnival Press, 1931.
stks & LaRm F 379 .N5Y8
 
AFRICAN AMERICANS
 
"Persona: Bo Dollis." [Big Chief of the Wild Magnolias] New Orleans Magazine 35, no. 5 (2000): 11.

"Persona: Myron Moorehead." [King Zulu 1999] New Orleans Magazine 33, no. 5 (1999): 11.

" Why Johnny Deggs Spends $600 Per Hour." New Orleans Magazine 22, no. 5 (1988): 52-53.

Askew, Theresa. "Thunder at the Battleground." New Orleans Magazine 24, no. 6 (1990): 40-47.

Berry, Jason. "Last Chants: Dirges for a Big Chief." [Donald Harrison, Sr., Big Chief of the Guardians of the Flame] New Orleans Magazine 33, no. 5 (1999): 36-37.

-------. "Memories of Black Carnival." New Orleans Magazine 29, no. 5 (1995): 54-58.

-------. "Son of a Big Chief: Donald Harrison Rediscovered." New Orleans Magazine 39 no. 4 (2005): 22.

Block, Katie. "Persona: Ike Wheeler." [King Zulu 2005] New Orleans Magazine 39, no. 4 (2005): 16-17.

-------. "Remembering Big Chief Jolley." New Orleans Magazine 30, no. 5 (1996): 26-27.

Draper, David Elliott. "The Mardi Gras Indians: the Ethnomusicology of Black Associations in New Orleans." Tulane University, 1973.
LaRm ML 3556 .D8 1978

Gurtner, George. "Life and Times of a Flambeaux Boss." New Orleans Magazine 26, no. 5 (1992): 99-100.

Kemp, John. "Theresa Chrushshon: Soul Survivors: Capturing the Spirit of the Mardi Gras Indians." Louisiana Life 16, no. 5 (1996-1997): 30-32.

Kolb, Carolyn. "Waltzing Through the Century: the Original Illinois Club at 100." New Orleans Magazine 29, no. 5 (1995): 59-61.

Masciere, Christina. "A Stitch in Time: Tootie Montana Suits NOMA's Fancy." New Orleans Magazine 31, no. 10 (1997): 34-35.

Salaam, Kalamu ya. "The Mardi Gras Indians and Tootie Montana." Louisiana Cultural Vistas 9, no. 1 (1998): 44-51.

-------. "A Tribute to Big Chief Allison "Tootie" Montana." Arts Quarterly 19, no. 3 (1997): 10-11.
LaRm N 1 .A79

Scott, Liz. "Queen Gee: She Brought a Touch of Hollywood to the Zulu Throne." New Orleans Magazine 34, no. 5 (2000): 14-16.

Smith, Michael P. "Buffalo Bill and the Mardi Gras Indians." Cultural Vistas 3, no. 3 (1992): 12-14+.

Smith, Michael P. Mardi Gras Indians. Gretna, LA: Pelican Pub. Co., 1994.
LaRm GR 111 .A47S65 1994

-------. "New Orleans' Hidden Carnival." Cultural Vistas 1, no. 3 (1990): 4-7+.

Wyckoff, Geraldine. "C'mon Back Chief." {Tootie Montana, Big Chief of the Yellow Pocahontas]. New Orleans Magazine 38, no. 5 (2004): 40-43.
 
WASHINGTON, DC
 
DuBos, Clancy. "Having a Ball on Capitol Hill." New Orleans Magazine 21, no. 6 (1987): 22-23.

Griffin, Amanda, and Mystick Krewe of Louisianians. Golden Memories: a History of the First Fifty Washington Mardi Gras Balls. Washington, DC: Mystick Krewe of Louisianians, Inc., 1997.
LaRm GT 4211 .W3G65 1997

Laborde, Errol. "Potomac Revelry." New Orleans Magazine 38, no. 4 (2005): 128.

Scott, Liz. "Kingdom Come: How Washington Got a Carnival Ball." New Orleans Magazine 29, no. 5 (1995): 43-44.
 
CHILDREN'S BOOKS
 
Coil, Suzanne M. Mardi Gras! New York: Macmillan Pub. Co., 1994.
LaRm GT 4211 .N4C65 1994

Couvillon, Alice, and Elizabeth Moore. Mimi's First Mardi Gras. Gretna, LA: Pelican Pub. Co., 1992.
LaRm PZ 7 .C8334 Mi 1992; & educ E Cou

Dartez, Cecilia Casrill. Jenny Giraffe's Mardi Gras Ride. Gretna, LA: Pelican Pub. Co., 1997.
LaRm PZ 7 .D258Jg 1997

Fontenot, Mary Alice. Mardi Gras in the Country. New Orleans: Pelican Pub. Co., 1995.
LaRm PZ 7 .F73575 Mar 1995; & educ Fic Fon

McConduit, Denise Walter. D.J. and the Zulu Parade. Gretna, LA: Pelican Pub. Co., 1995.
LaRm PZ 7 .M478414 Dac 1995; & educ E McC

Moore, ELizabeth, and Alice Couvillon. Mimi and Jean-Paul's Mardi Gras. Gretna, LA: Pelican Pub. Co., 1996.
LaRm PZ 7 .M78325 MI 1996b; & educ E Moo

Rice, James. Gaston Goes to Mardi Gras. Gretna, LA: Pelican Pub. Co., 1977.
LaRm PZ 7 .R3634 Gas

Vidrine, Beverly B. A Mardi Gras Dictionary. Lafayette, LA: Sunflower Press, 1994.
LaRm GT 4210 .L8V53 1994; & educ E Vid
 
CALL NUMBERS OF PERIODICALS
Acadiana Profile stacks & LaRm F 380 .F8F8
Americana stks E 171 .A444a
Arts Quarterly
LaRm N 1 .A79
ArtWorks
LaRm NX 26 .A32 A7
Best of Lafayette
LaRm F 379 .L16B4
Folklore stks GR 1 .F5
Forbes stks HF 5001 .F6
Journal of American Folklore stks GR 1 .J8
Journal of Folklore Research stks GR 1 .I5
LLA Bulletin LaRm Z 672 .L872
Louisiana LaRm F 366 .L61
Louisiana Bar Journal LaRm K 12 .O9
Louisiana Business Survey LaRm HC 108 .L8L57
Louisiana Cookin' LaRm TX 715.2 .L68 L6
Louisiana Cultural Vistas LaRm AS 36 .N4A1
Louisiana Folklore Miscellany LaRm GR 110 .L6L6
Louisiana History LaRm F 366 .L6238
Louisiana Heritage LaRm F 366 .L622
Louisiana Life LaRm F 366 .L6223
La Louisiane LaRm LD 3091 .L66 L6
Nation stks AP 2 .N2; & Microforms Film 514
New Orleans Magazine LaRm F 379 .N5
New York Times Microforms Film 2
New Yorker stks AP 2 .N6763
Preservation in Print LaRm HT 177 .N43P776
River Cities LaRm F366 .R5
Social Forces stks HN 51 .S5
Time Microforms Film 544
 
END NOTES
  1. Webster's New Collegiate Dictionary (Springfield, MA: G. & C. Merriam Co., 1973), p.169.
  2. Ancelet, Barry Jean, and James Edmunds. Capitaine, Voyage Ton Flag: The Traditional Cajun Country Mardi Gras. (Lafayette: Center for Louisiana Studies, University of Southwestern Louisiana, 1989), p.1-2.
  3. Hardy, Arthur. "History of Mardi Gras." Arthur Hardy's Mardi Gras Guide 18th ed. (New Orleans: the author, 1994), pp.15-16.
  4. Laborde, Errol. "Sow Me Something, Mister: Rex at 125: Some Theories of Evolution." New Orleans Magazine 31, no. 4 (1997): 51.
  5. Hardy, p. 16.
  6. Smith, Michael P. "Buffalo Bill and the Mardi Gras Indians." Cultural Vistas 3, no. 3 (1992):34-35.
  7. Ancelet, p. 3.
 

Document last revised Thursday, October 27, 2011 1:48 PM

Copyright 2003 by the University of Louisiana at Lafayette
Edith Garland Dupré Library, PO Box 40199, Lafayette LA 70504
Circulation Desk: 337/482-6025 · Reference Desk: 337/482-6030
Location: 400 E Saint Mary Blvd · E-Mail: bturner@louisiana.edu
Louisiana Room E-Mail: larm@louisiana.edu